Hi, I'm Alex Haydock - a legal officer at ORG.

You can email me at, or find me on Twitter.

Pages I Look After

ORG's Current Legal Actions

ORG's Past Legal Actions

Legal Topics

Age Verification

Intermediary Liability

Intermediary Liability Case Law

  • Appleby v UK - Free Expression does not guarantee a right to be given a platform.
  • Bunt v Tilley - ISPs cannot be held liable for defamatory comments as publishers.
  • Delfi v Estonia - A site, as publisher of defamatory comments, can be held in equal liability to the author of defamatory comments where such a site exercises some degree of control over those comments. (i.e. A site that moderates user-authored comments can become liable for them as a publisher.)
  • L’Oréal v eBay - Sites can be held liable for third-party content if they take an active role in processing it to promote it.

My Parliamentary & Policy Updates